1. Watch the following short film, theory of mind.mov, which demonstrates the theory of mind using a juice box experiment.At around four years of age, a fundamental change occurs in children’sunderstanding of others’ behaviors or what is also called theory of mind.Using your knowledge from our readings, watch the video to determinewhich stage both Jacob and Patrick are currently in respectively.Discuss both Jacob’s and Patrick’s reaction to the ‘mean monkey.’ Whatstage would Erickson say each child is in? How do these different stagesinfluence their values and attitudes? Do you think it is possible for achild over the age of three to have trouble understanding that his orher beliefs can be false? Explain your reasoning. 2. Regardless of a child’s unique qualities, one thing remains the same; toimprove learning and behavior, children must develop strongself-regulation skills. Read the article from the National Associationfor the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), “Developing Young Children’s Self-Regulation Through Everyday Experiences.”The marshmallow experiment is a famous test conducted by Walter Mischelat Stanford University and discussed by Daniel Goleman in his popularwork. In the 1960s, a group of four-year-olds were given a marshmallowand promised another only if they could wait 20 minutes before eatingthe first one. Some children could wait and others could not. Theresearchers then followed the progress of each child into adolescence,and demonstrated that those with the ability to wait were betteradjusted and more dependable (determined via surveys of their parentsand teachers), and scored an average of 210 points higher on theScholastic Aptitude Test. Watch the video, The Marshmallow Test.Reflect on the information in the NAEYC article, the video, and yourtext and explain how toddlers with better self-regulation skills areless likely to demonstrate behavior problems in preschool. Explain whythese self-regulation skills are so important and how you will promotethe learning of self-regulation. How will you deliberately teachself-regulation as part of everyday experience? Share an example of yourown self-regulation skills that you can model for others. Guided Response: Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length.
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